By A. Kusserow
What are demanding and tender individualisms? during this designated ethnography of 3 groups in long island and Queens, Kusserow interviews mom and dad and academics (from prosperous to these on welfare) at the kinds of demanding and delicate individualisms they motivate of their teenagers and scholars. American Individualisms explores the real factor of sophistication modifications within the socialization of individualism in the US. It provides American individualism now not as one unmarried homogeneous, stereotypic life-pattern as usually claimed to be, yet as variable, class-differentiated versions of individualism instilled in teenagers through their mom and dad and preschool lecturers in long island and Queens. by way of supplying wealthy descriptions of the situational, class-based individualisms that take root in groups with tremendously varied visions of the longer term, Kusserow brings social inequality again into formerly bland and widely used discussions of yankee individualism.
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Additional info for American Individualisms: Child Rearing and Social Class in Three Neighborhoods
In lumping the cultural model of individualism together as a generic whole, we miss the different ways certain strands of it are taken up and stressed by Queens parents and not by Parkside parents, or the ways in which there are even different types of working-class individualism. We miss the ways in which it has uniquely tailored meanings and uses for Parkside and Queens parents—the various ways in which it becomes a form of explanation or solution to the central issues and meanings in the lives of these parents.
Like Turner’s polysemic symbols, multiple ‘‘lessons’’ are embedded in one seemingly thin discourse, such that a Japanese emphasis on the needs, wishes, and feelings of others is learned through the use of directives or an emphasis on individualism and each child’s unique differences through mathematics learning (Stigler and Perry, 1990). ’’ In contrast to the ‘‘groupism’’ and more conformist emphasis in Chinese and Japanese preschools, in American preschools there was a large amount of free choice to suit what were felt to be the child’s unique needs and tastes.
Socialization, Education, and Class Reproduction For some time now, social theorists have addressed the question of why working-class children so often end up with working-class jobs, and why upper-middle-class children so often end up with upper-middle-class jobs. As Jay MacLeod (1987, 1995) writes in his book Ain’t No Makin’ It: Aspirations and Attainment in a Low-Income Neighborhood, In the most general terms, social reproduction theory explains how societal institutions perpetuate (or reproduce) the social relationships and attitudes needed to sustain the existing relations of production in a capitalist society.
American Individualisms: Child Rearing and Social Class in Three Neighborhoods by A. Kusserow