By Michael Scott-Baumann
This booklet explores and analyzes the background of clash within the heart East from British rule within the early 20th century to the Iraq warfare within the twenty-first century. The Arab-Israeli clash is the main target of this booklet however it additionally examines: Arab nationalism, in particular in Egypt and Syria; the Islamic revolution in Iran in 1979; the reasons and results of 3 wars concerning Iraq; the expansion of political Islam and Islamic fundamentalism within the center East.
Throughout the publication, key dates, phrases and concerns are highlighted, and historic interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are integrated to consolidate wisdom and knowing of the interval, and exam-style questions and counsel written by way of examiners give you the chance to enhance examination talents.
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Extra info for Access to History. Crisis in the Middle East: Israel and the Arab States 1945-2007
Israel was the tiny David ﬁghting against a massive Arab Goliath. Furthermore, Israel had far fewer weapons yet, against all the odds, it won the war through the heroic efforts, tenacity and courage of its people. This is the popular, heroic interpretation, which is still largely taught in Israeli schools today. It is mostly based on fact but on selectively chosen facts. In the past 20 years historians have gained access to and analysed Israeli government documents from the time of the war. Several Israeli historians, such as Avi Shlaim and Benny Morris, have produced a new, revisionist interpretation of how Israel won.
The Israeli government later ordered the army to conﬁscate Arab land and to build Jewish settlements in order to make the areas more secure. 52 | Crisis in the Middle East: Israel and the Arab States 1945–2007 Damascus Mediterranean Sea Gaza Strip – a narrow piece of land on the coast. It is densely populated with 300,000 inhabitants, mostly Palestinian Arabs. It was from Gaza that many raids were launched against Israel in the 1950s. 5 million). Parts of the West Bank are very fertile, especially in the river valley.
At this time, Western countries did not allow China to take its place at the UN and claimed that Taiwan, which was non-communist, represented China. In July 1956, the USA and Britain decided to cancel their loans to Egypt for the building of the Aswan Dam. Perhaps they hoped to persuade Nasser to be more co-operative. Maybe they thought they could force the Egyptians to replace him. Why did the Israelis attack Gaza? Israeli attack on Gaza: February 1955 Egypt announced Czech arms deal: September 1955 Guerrillas Soldiers who avoid ﬁghting in open battle when possible; they prefer to use tactics like ambushes and hitand-run raids.
Access to History. Crisis in the Middle East: Israel and the Arab States 1945-2007 by Michael Scott-Baumann