Download PDF by Denis Guénoun: About Europe : philosophical hypotheses

By Denis Guénoun

ISBN-10: 0804773858

ISBN-13: 9780804773850

ISBN-10: 0804773866

ISBN-13: 9780804773867

ISBN-10: 0804785589

ISBN-13: 9780804785587

The proposal of the common used to be born within the lands we now name Europe, but it truly is exactly the common that's Europe's undoing. All ecu politics is stuck in a pressure: to claim a eu identification is to be open to multiplicity, yet this very openness might dissolve Europe as such. This e-book displays on Europe and its altering obstacles over the span of twenty centuries. a piece of philosophy, it constantly attracts on concrete occasions. From old Greece and Rome, to Christianity, to the Reformation, to the nationwide revolutions of the 20th century, what we this day name "Europe" has been a succession of initiatives within the identify of ecclesia or group. Empire, Church, and ecu: all were developed not like an Oriental "other." The stakes of Europe, then, are as a lot metaphysical as political. Redefining a sequence of key ideas corresponding to global, position, transportation, and the typical, this publication sheds mild on Europe as method through enticing with the main major philosophical debates at the topic, together with the paintings of Marx, Husserl, Heidegger, Patocka, and Nancy.

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In a nation or in individual men and human groups of this nation”; and it will later become understandable why the use of the word “nation,” in the sense that we (modern Europeans) give it today, in the sense that we irrevocably cannot help but give it—why this word or concept is unsuited to designate the Greeks, and even less the Greeks as those bringing forth the universal, unless it is used as an anachronism that paralyzes thought by linking the object of thought with its reverse side and its retreat; and why this naming error ties in with an error of assignation regarding what is born.

Strictly speaking, Crete is not in Europe. What is Europe, then? What is this land? We find again here the primary meaning in Greek, which has remained in the shadows until now. ”44 Europe is neither the islands nor the Peloponnese: it is neither the islands nor the peninsula. Europe would be the continent in its depth—in its very continence. Europe would not be designating the maritime sea-related element, as maritime. Europe for sure is not the Mediterranean, then—it is precisely the opposite way—and the term includes neither the islands nor the peninsulas, inasmuch as the former and even the latter are in the grip of the sea ele­ment, held by it, and carried along by this moving medium.

There is no assembly of the world. If (provisionally, and foreshadowing a later development) we allow ourselves to guess at, suspect, or scent the radical position of coming-to-be-in-common in the assembly,64 if we agree to this (to let a useful consequence of this appear), if the assembly reveals itself in this way (as coming-to-be-in-common), and if the world, for its part, cannot be assembled, it follows that: There is no being (in) common of the world—only its (re)presentation. (h4) Europe Crossways 29 There is an empire of the world, a government, a sovereignty of the world, and even politics (without assembly) of the world; but there is no being-assembled.

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