Read e-book online A Study on Catalytic Conversion of Non-Food Biomass into PDF

By Mizuho Yabushita

ISBN-10: 9811003319

ISBN-13: 9789811003318

ISBN-10: 9811003327

ISBN-13: 9789811003325

The subject of this thesis is catalytic conversion of non-food, ample, and renewable biomass equivalent to cellulose and chitin to chemical compounds. In biorefinery, chemical transformation of polymers to useful compounds has attracted all over the world curiosity for development sustainable societies. First, the present state of affairs of this sizzling study zone has been summarized good within the normal creation of the thesis, which is helping readers to get to grips with this subject. subsequent, the writer explains high-yielding construction of glucose from cellulose through the use of an alkali-activated carbon as a catalyst, leading to a yield of glucose as excessive as 88%, that's one of many optimum yields ever said. The characterization of carbon fabrics has indicated that vulnerable acid websites at the catalyst advertise the response, that's markedly diversified from said catalytic structures that require robust acids. furthermore, the 1st catalytic transformation of chitin with retention of N-acetyl teams has been constructed. the mix of mechanocatalytic hydrolysis and thermal solvolysis permits the creation of N-acetylated monomers in stable yields of as much as 70%. The catalytic structures validated during this thesis are distinctive within the fields of either chemistry and chemical engineering, and their excessive efficiencies can give a contribution to eco-friendly and sustainable chemistry sooner or later. in the meantime, mechanistic experiences in accordance with characterization, thermodynamics, kinetics, and version reactions have additionally been played to bare the jobs of catalysts through the reactions. the implications might be worthwhile for readers to layout and improve new catalysts and response systems.

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Chang RH-Y, Jang J, Wu KC-W (2011) Cellulase immobilized mesoporous silica nanocatalysts for efficient cellulose-to-glucose conversion. Green Chem 13(10):2844–2850 124. Sasaki M, Kabyemela B, Malaluan R, Hirose S, Takeda N, Adschiri T, Arai K (1998) Cellulose hydrolysis in subcritical and supercritical water. J Supercrit Fluids 13(1):261–268 References 37 125. Sasaki M, Furukawa M, Minami K, Adschiri T, Arai K (2002) Kinetics and mechanism of cellobiose hydrolysis and retro-aldol condensation in subcritical and supercritical water.

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A Study on Catalytic Conversion of Non-Food Biomass into Chemicals: Fusion of Chemical Sciences and Engineering by Mizuho Yabushita

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