Download PDF by John Losee: A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science

By John Losee

ISBN-10: 0198700555

ISBN-13: 9780198700555

Designed for first-time readers of the topic, this stimulating creation deals a historic exposition of differing perspectives at the philosophy of technology. With concise profiles featuring the foremost philosophers whose contributions are mentioned during this e-book, Losee explores the long-argued questions raised by means of philosophers and scientists in regards to the right overview of technology.

This new version comprises modern advancements within the self-discipline, together with contemporary paintings on theory-appraisal, experimental perform, the controversy over clinical realism, and the philosophy of biology. Taking a balanced and informative technique, this paintings is the suitable introductory quantity.

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One view was that a projectile’s motion is caused by an acquired “impetus” which resides somehow in the projectile as long as it is in motion. Ockham held that impetus is a superfluous concept. According to Ockham, a statement about the ‘motion of a body’ is shorthand for a series of statements that attribute to the body various positions at various times. And motion is not a property of a body, but is a relation which a body has to other bodies and to time. Since change of position is not a “property” of a body, there is no need to assign an efficient cause to this relative displacement.

Consequently, the sixteenth-century confrontation of the two methodological orientations—Pythagoreanism and the concern to save appearances—was not as sharp as it might have been. * Assuming, of course, that the orbital velocities of the planets decrease regularly, proceeding outwards from Mercury to Saturn. the debate over saving the appearances  Bellarmine v. Galileo It remained for Cardinal Bellarmine and Galileo to state the rival positions with maximum intensity. Bellarmine informed Galileo in  that it was permissible, from the standpoint of the Church, to discuss the Copernican system as a mathematical model to save the appearances.

Bacon emphasized that discoveries such as this increase the observational base from which the elements of magnetism may be induced. Had Bacon restricted his praise of experimentation to this kind of investigation, he would merit recognition as a champion of experimental inquiry. However, Bacon often placed experimentation in the service of alchemy, and he made extravagant and unsupported claims for the results of alchemical experiments. 5 The Inductive Methods of Agreement and Difference Aristotle had insisted that explanatory principles should be induced from observations.

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A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science by John Losee

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