Read e-book online A General Theory of Emotions and Social Life PDF

By Warren D. TenHouten

ISBN-10: 0415363101

ISBN-13: 9780415363105

Founded upon the psychoevolutionary theories of Darwin, Plutchik and Izard, a normal socioevolutionary idea of the feelings - affect-spectrum thought - classifies a large spectrum of the sentiments and analyzes them at the sociological, mental and neurobiological levels.

This neurocognitive sociology of the sentiments supersedes the foremost theoretical views constructed within the sociology of feelings by means of displaying basic feelings to be adaptive reactions to basic difficulties of lifestyles that have developed into ordinary social relationships and that could are expecting occurrences of the full spectrum of basic, complicated secondary, and tertiary emotions.

Written by means of prime social theorist Warren D. TenHouten, this booklet provides an encyclopaedic class of the feelings, describing forty-six feelings intimately, and proposing a normal multilevel thought of feelings and social lifestyles. The scope of insurance of this key paintings is extremely topical and accomplished, and comprises the advance of feelings in youth, symbolic elaboration of complicated feelings, feelings administration, violence, and cultural and gender alterations. whereas basic feelings have sincerely outlined valences, this conception exhibits that complicated feelings obey no algebraic legislations and that every one feelings have either inventive and damaging potentialities.

 

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Additional resources for A General Theory of Emotions and Social Life

Example text

Primary and secondary emotions Social constructionist theorists of emotions have challenged the very existence of primary emotions by describing emotional phenomena that exist in one culture but not in another. As an example, they cite the Japanese notion of amae (Morsbach and Tyler 1986) which can be described as a tendency to depend upon, presume, or coax another’s love, kindness, and indulgence, to be treated softly and loosely with great empathy, like a dependent child, in familiar contexts where intimate communications are largely nonverbal (Doi 1973).

1991; Argyle 2001). Argyle argued, convincingly and on the basis of thousands of questionnaires analyzed over a decade, that the key to happiness is to have one close relationship and a network of good friends. A supportive, intimate relationship is one of life’s greatest joys, but a broken marriage can be a source of great unhappiness (Glenn 1990). Three out of four married people say their spouse is their best friend, and four out of five say they would marry the same person (Greeley 1991). People can also find community to some extent at work, for work environments can add to a sense of community, offering a network of supportive relationships and a “we feeling” (Myers and Diener 1995).

Plutchik’s final postulate holds: (ix) each emotion can exist in varying degrees of intensity or levels of arousal. ” This figure shows intensity as a vertical dimension referring to level of arousal, from deep sleep at the base, where emotions are not experienced at all, to maximum intensity at the top. 2 shows various terms referring to level of intensity for each of the eight primary emotions. 3. The leftmost column lists the four problems of life. 2 Descriptive terms for each of the eight primary emotions, arrayed by increasing levels of intensity Primary emotions Descriptive termsa (from lowest to highest intensity) Protection Destruction Reproduction Reintegration Incorporation Rejection Exploration Orientation timidity, wariness, apprehension, fear, fright, terror annoyance, irritation, exasperation, anger, rage, fury serenity, cheerfulness, happiness, joy, elation pensiveness, gloominess, dejection, sadness, grief acceptance, liking, respect, adoration, worship dislike, disgust, revulsion, loathing mindfulness, inquisitiveness, anticipation, fascination close-attention surprise astonishment amazement Note a The selected terms deviate considerably from various selections by Plutchik, who includes many terms that would much better fit, and in certain cases even define, certain secondary emotions.

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A General Theory of Emotions and Social Life by Warren D. TenHouten


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