By Dr.-Ing. Thomas Flik, Prof. Dr.-Ing. Hans Liebig (auth.)
In the previous couple of years, a good number of books on microprocessors have seemed out there. so much of them originated within the context of the 4-bit and the 8-bit microprocessors and their relatively basic constitution. besides the fact that, the techno-logical improvement from 8-bit to 16-bit microprossors ended in processor parts with a considerably extra complicated constitution and with an accelerated performance and likewise to a rise within the process architecture's complexity. This books takes this development into consideration. It examines 16-bit micro-processor platforms and descrihes their constitution, their habit and their programming. the rules of machine or ganization are handled on the part point. this can be performed through a close exam of the attribute functionali ty of microprocessors. moreover the interactions among and software program, which are commonplace of microprocessor know-how, are brought. Interfacing innovations are one of many focal issues of those issues. This puplication is geared up as a textbook and is meant as a self-teaching direction on 16-bit microprocessors for college students of laptop technological know-how and communications, layout engineers and clients in a large choice of technical and clinical fields. simple wisdom of boolean algebra is thought. the alternative of fabric is predicated at the 16-bit microprocessors which are at the moment available to buy; nonetheless, the presentation isn't really guaranteed to an individual of those microprocessors.
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Additional resources for 16-Bit-Microprocessor Systems: Structure, Behavior, and Programming
The following example illustrates the direction of the filling and the actual stack pointer. write: MOVE -(RO),s MOVE (Rl)+,s read: MOVE d,(RO)+ MOVE d,-(RI) DecreaSlng1 addresses ~1 .. '" I--< Rl .. PEA computes the effective address s and writes it on the stack; LEA loads the effective address s into a register or a memory cell. The address, for example, can be used for indirect register addressing of an operand. 2). In the folIowing example, the effective address is created by means of indexed addressing.
The transfer of a double word on the 16-bit data bus occurs through two successive word transfers. rut processing instructions address bit operands in the memory as bytes or words; the access to individual bits occurs through a mask specified in the instruction. BCD digits are combined in pairs, are addressed as bytes and are processed by means of special BCD instructions. Byte and word strings in the memory are addressed by specifying the byte or word address of the first or last element in the string.
Zero bit CondItion code (CG) Negative bit Fig. 3. Status register Both stack pointer registers R7 and R7' have the same register address and are differentiated from each other by the user mode (R7) and the system mode (RT). Accordingly, the two stack pointers are called User Stack Pointer (USP) and System Stack Pointer (SSP), and their stacks are called user stack or system stack. Both stacks are not only used by the PUSH and POP instructions for data storage, but also by the Jump to Subroutine (JSR) and Return from Subroutine (RTS) instructions for the management of program addresses for su bprogram calls.
16-Bit-Microprocessor Systems: Structure, Behavior, and Programming by Dr.-Ing. Thomas Flik, Prof. Dr.-Ing. Hans Liebig (auth.)